To successfully deliver integrated behavioral health care, members of the integrated health team need to be adequately prepared. The current behavioral health and primary care workforce lacks the cultural understanding, skills, attitudes, and leadership needed.2 To identify relevant skills, the AHRQ Academy conducted a Literature Review of provider- and practice-level competencies needed to provide comprehensive integrated care.
In part, the lack of skills among the workforce is due to insufficient educational and hands-on training opportunities available in integrated behavioral health care.3 In the past, the traditional educational and training model of medical care has not focused on a collaborative, comprehensive, and team-based approach. Medical care and behavioral health care have been in separate silos in terms of organization, service delivery, and payment. Most of the health care workforce has not been trained on how to work together to provide effective integrated services.4