Behavioral health is an umbrella term that includes mental health and substance abuse conditions, life stressors and crises, stress-related physical symptoms, and health behaviors. Behavioral health conditions often affect medical illnesses.
Integrated behavioral health care blends care in one setting for medical conditions and related behavioral health factors that affect health and well-being. Integrated behavioral health care, a part of “whole-person care,” is a rapidly emerging shift in the practice of high-quality health care. It is a core function of the “advanced patient-centered medical home.”
Integrated behavioral health care is sometimes called “behavioral health integration,” “integrated care,” “collaborative care,” or “primary care behavioral health.” No matter what one calls it, the goal is the same: better care and health for the whole person.
Providers practicing integrated behavioral health care recognize that both medical and behavioral health factors are important parts of a person’s overall health. Medical and behavioral health clinicians work together as a team to address a patient’s concerns. Care is delivered by these integrated teams in the primary care setting unless patients request or require specialty services. The advantage is better coordination and communication, while working toward one set of overall health goals.
How would I recognize integrated behavioral health?
Typically, medical and behavioral health clinicians collaborate with each other and with patients and families to address health concerns identified during medical visits. Integrated behavioral health is found in primary care and in specialty settings, such as oncology, cardiology, neurology, pediatrics, and rehabilitation. Behavioral health clinicians often work right in the medical setting, or, if not onsite, are thoroughly integrated into the established procedures, team, and information systems.
Who can benefit from integrated behavioral health?
A growing body of research shows integrated behavioral health improves health and patient experience, while reducing unnecessary costs in time, money, and delays.
Integrated behavioral health offers many benefits:
Patients with chronic health conditions are more likely to have related behavioral health concerns and often find it easier to improve chronic conditions when these concerns are also addressed.
Patients like the convenience of “one-stop shopping.” Whether their problem is stress, mental health, substance use, health behaviors, or all of the above, there is no wrong door. Patients feel it is more socially acceptable and easier to access behavioral health care treatment in a setting they are familiar with, rather than going to a behavioral health setting.
Medical providers appreciate having behavioral health partners available to help with problems the medical team doesn’t have enough time or training to address.
Providing integrated behavioral health care at the right times in the patient’s medical care can often offset the cost of providing the behavioral health care.
Learn about the following topic areas as they relate to integrated behavioral health:
Education & Workforce
Effective and financially sustainable implementation of integrated behavioral health care is challenging in primary care settings.
Policy & Financing
Fragmentation in health care, and particularly the separation of medical from behavioral health services, has led to clinical, operational, and financial inefficiency.
The blending of behavioral health and primary care has transformed the roles, responsibilities, and practices of clinicians on integrated health care teams.